The variety of new instances of HIV in New York Metropolis dropped to “a statistically significant low” final yr, with eight.6 % fewer new diagnoses than in 2015, based on the town Well being Division.
The division’s HIV Surveillance Annual Report report says 2,279 individuals have been newly recognized with HIV in 2016, fewer than the yr earlier and an enormous drop from the 5,906 new instances the division logged in 2001, its first yr of monitoring.
“I would even go so far to say that it’s good and big news,” stated Dr. Demetre Daskalakis, the Well being Division’s deputy commissioner for illness management, to the New York Every day Information. “I’m fairly euphoric concerning the information, to be trustworthy.”
The report exhibits a pointy drop within the variety of new instances in males who’ve intercourse with males. Inside that inhabitants, diagnoses dropped 14.eight %, to 1,236 instances.
Daskalakis advised the Every day Information that he believes the decline might be attributed to the widespread use of a pre-exposure prophylaxis drug, higher often known as PrEP, which has been more and more prescribed to males who’ve intercourse with males. The preventative drug is taken by these not recognized with HIV, however who could possibly be in danger.
PrEP has been obtainable since 2012, however the Well being Division estimated that solely 5 % of males who’ve intercourse with males have been utilizing PrEP at first of 2016. That quantity rose to 30 % by the top of the yr.
Regardless of the strides in decreasing instances for males who’ve intercourse with males, new instances for ladies have risen ― notably for black and Latina ladies, who comprise greater than 90 % of latest instances. The town plans to encourage women-focused suppliers to offer prescriptions for PrEP to their sufferers.
“When the suppliers of care for ladies actually purchase into pre-exposure prophylactics and perceive its position, swiftly they’re prescribing to their sufferers,” Daskalakis informed the Every day Information.
The report additionally notes that amongst those that have HIV within the metropolis, 76 % have achieved “viral suppression.” This implies they’ve a enormously decreased probability of passing HIV to others. People with HIV can obtain viral suppression by taking antiretroviral medicines and sustaining an undetectable viral load for a interval of no less than six months.
Daskalakis advised the Day by day Information he’s “excited.”
“If that is what occurred in 2016, I can solely think about what’s going to occur in 2017 when it comes to accelerating the decline of latest infections,” he stated.
Right here’s the place to seek out PrEP in New York City.